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Spis artykułów:

 

1. "PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT IN LOGISTICS COMPANIES – A TWO – DIMENSIONAL"
Michał Comporek

The main aim of the article is to emphasize the problem of selecting performance management (PM) indicators in logistics companies. This issue is particularly significant, because the proper selection of PM measures affects the following: the effectiveness of the implemented performance measurement system, the nature of information provided to its individual stakeholders, the system of interconnections within the organization, and often even the efficiency of the entire business entity on the market. However, the paper draws attention to the potential of deliberately distorting the reported company results by the management team. Hence, the secondary goal of the article is to select various tools and/or techniques which may be helpful in assessing the quality of reporting PM - in relation to the real earnings management (REM). The applied research methods are based on a critical analysis of the literature on the subject matter.

 

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2. "LOGISTIC ASPECTS OF BARRIERS TO MARKET ENTRY AND EXIT"
Andrzej Jezierski

If one associates the scope of logistics with widely understood logistic competition, looking at logistics through the prism of enterprises competition factor and hence the factor which influences the market, one may also easily find the essential role of logistics in methodological approach concerning the shaping of the market and referring to the assumptions of new industrial economics – the approach that stresses the so called dynamics in market structures and is connected with market entries and exits (the mobility of market players) as well as with power and domination in the market, problems of appearing and disappearing of the businesses (businesses demography) other than competition between the forms of market coordination. This paper focuses on one of the most fundamental areas of new industrial economics, such as market entries and exits and barriers to them, which may be of logistic type. That is why the purpose of this article is to identify and characterise logistic barriers to market entries and exists. The paper is based on critical analysis, system analysis and hermeneutic methods.

 

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3. "EVALUATION OF DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS IN A SELECTED MEAT PROCESSING COMPANY"
Maciej Kuboń, Patrycja Kabiesz

The purpose of this article is to analyze distribution logistics on the example of a selected meat processing establishment, as well as to assess existing distribution channels according to criteria determining the usability, efficiency and nature of the channel. Based on the research and analysis (analytical and point method), five distribution channels existing in the company were characterized and evaluated. Based on the results, it was determined which of the existing channels is the best one, and also the directions for their further development were presented.

 

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4. "THE DETERMINATION OF POTENTIAL LOCATIONS FOR HOTEL AND SERVICE FACILITIES IN RELATION TO THE TRANSPORT SYSTEM – THE LOGISTIC APPROACH"
Maciej Mindur, Ireneusz Celiński, Grzegorz Sierpiński

The existing space distribution of hotel and service facilities in different places in the world is mainly the result of natural organic growth. Such facilities were built in areas of actual and/or potential demand, provided adequate financial resources and land were available. Additionally, an important factor was also the availability of technical infrastructure, including, in particular, transport. Sometimes those facilities were built without any detailed spatial analysis of their locations. It can be concluded that planning of hotel and service facilities lacked clear and accurate methods as well as analytic tools. The main reason was the lack of relevant databases.
Along the development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), information tools started to be used in nearly every area. It should be noted that the development of the hotel and service base can be significantly promoted while using modern ICT solutions. In their article, the authors, among others, propose to use trip planning tools backed by Big Data. A trip planner can be used to collect data that help to determine the location of hotel and service facilities (e.g. hotels, guest houses, motels, leisure, recreation and restaurant facilities). The article presents the case study from the Upper Silesia conurbation, Poland. The use of Big Data allows to select locations of investment corresponding to actual tourist travel needs, especially that every year tourism becomes an increasingly important sector of the national economy in many countries.

 

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5. "THE USE OF THE EOQ MODEL IN INVENTORY MANAGEMENT IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN ON THE EXAMPLE OF BAHLSEN POLSKA"
Waldemar Paluch

The article presents the theoretical basis of the EOQ (economic quantity order) model, which allows you to optimize the size of the order so as to minimize the cost of frozen capital. The next part presents the results of implementing the model at Bahlsen Polska, assuming that it does not receive any discounts from suppliers in relation to the size of the order. This assumption can be excluded in the case of the functioning of the disposition system, carried out taking into account large contracts with the supplier. Optimization in this situation does not apply to the quantity in the contract, but only to a single call which is information for the supplier who must deliver a certain amount of goods, and at the same time reduce the balance appearing in the contract.

 

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6. "MODEL STUDIES OF DISTORTION CONDITION RESISTANCE WALL FROM GABIONIC ELEMENTS"
Zenon Zamiar, Andrzej Surowiecki, Piotr Saska

Retaining walls have been classified and characterized as structures protecting road or railway embankments against landslides. Particular attention was focused on retaining structures classified as light [1-3, 5-12, 14-24], which include, among others, walls made of gabions. Physical models of the gabion retaining wall, prepared on a laboratory scale, test stand and how to perform spatial deformation tests are presented. The models differed in the number and dimensions of gabions. On the basis of measured horizontal deformations of embankment models with a gabion wall, which were subjected to vertical static pressure at the level of the embankment ceiling, the values of basic strength parameters were determined. In particular, the value calculated: horizontal pressure coefficient, shear strength and modulus of deformation. The variability of the values of these parameters was estimated as a function of variable factors related to the gabion wall configuration (determined by the number and dimensions of gabions) and the value of the external load test.

 

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7. "WILL TRANSPORT AFFECT GLOBALIZATION? ARE WE HEADING BACK TO LOCALLY BASED ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES?"
Ignacy H. Chrzanowski

The paper discusses some aspects of the transport industry’s impact on the process of globalization in the world economy. Emphasis is put on the emerging new trends in that area, and in particular on the reverse globalization frequently referred to as “de-globalization”.
While the latter concept provides ground for controversy, it seems that it has become visible in the number of trades and in particular in food trades which engage a considerable portion of the world transport system’s carrying capacity.
Moving back to local production of food, one of many areas where the process of de-globalization appears to have started, might liberate vast reserves of transport capacity worldwide while, simultaneously, it will contribute to the reduction of transport-generated pollution. Arguments for such a solution are raised in the paper as is the necessity for more in-depth analysis in this field.

 

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8. "INNOVATION IN TRANSPORT AS THE ANSWER TO CONTEMPORARY COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS"
Anita Fajczak-Kowalska, Magdalena Kowalska

New technologies and innovations can significantly contribute to removing or reducing problems related to modern transport.
Hyperloop is an innovative mode of transport whose task is to move people or loads at very high speed, based on the concept of sustainable transport. Due to the benefits it brings - environmentally friendly, fast, self-sufficient in terms of energy, ensuring a high level of mobility, it is an interesting option that in the future can replace the existing means of transport.
The aim of this article is to present the theoretical and empirical aspect of the innovative mode of transport - Hyperloop, as an attractive alternative which in the future can replace the existing branches of transport.
The work consists of a theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part of the work presents selected contemporary transport problems, the concept of innovations in transport and the mode of transport - Hyperloop. The empirical part of the work presents a proposal to connect selected European cities and estimate the time of traveling between them using Hyperloop.

 

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9. "THE EVOLUTION OF A HIGH PRODUCTIVITY URBAN E-COMMERCE DELIVERY VEHICLE USING AUSTRALIAN PERFORMANCE BASED STANDARDS"
Kim Hassall, Russell Thomson, Ken Cowell

The introduction of High Productivity Vehicles (HPVs) in Australia, through the Performance Based Standards (PBS) scheme, was predicated on new mechanical engineering standards that were mandated especially for these new vehicles. These standards improved vehicle stability, general performance and safety, especially safety. Two national surveys showed both massive safety and productivity benefits compared to conventional Australian road freight fleets. The first Australian PBS vehicles operated under permits from 1997 but the formalized Australian scheme was implemented in 2006. So arguably the introduction of HPVs under permit and now under a formal regulatory PBS framework has allowed some 20 years of research observations. However, only one major type of single rigid, high productivity truck, without a trailer, has been active in an urban environment as a pilot, over that time. This paper examines this special urban High Productivity Vehicle which could be exceptionally useful for the urban freight task in many countries should they ever adopt it.

 

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10. "TRANSPORT – AN INSTRUMENT FOR GLOBALIZATION"
Hermann Witte

Transport is generally an instrument for globalization. It is not possible to use transport as an instrument for de-globalization. For compensating the negative effects of globalization on regional and local markets, a world-wide sustainable development process is to be started. This is an idea propagated by United Nations since the publishing of the Brundtland-Report. Sustainability has three components: the social, the ecological and the economic sustainability.
Economic sustainability is realized when the (transport) enterprises make no profits and setting the prices is following a price-wage-rule. This rule postulates that the price and wage have to be equal. However, transport can also set incentives for social and ecological sustainability. Transport is no instrument for de-globalization, but an important instrument for compensating the negative effects of globalization. The measures which transport policy has to realize sustainability are not new, but we need to a new world-wide concept for transport policy. We have to accept, that the world is one economic area and not more than two hundred areas. We need only one set of economic rules and not over hundred different sets of rules.

 

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