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Spis artykułów:

 

1. "INTEGRATION OF MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN RAILWAY TRANSPORT"
Katarzyna Chruzik, Leszek Mindur

The mandatory management systems implemented since 2008 in rail transport resulting from legal requirements [1-8], very often (especially in the first years of implementing the requirements) functioned independently of the optional procedural approach - ISO standard [9-10]. Currently, the integration of requirements in both the mandatory and voluntary areas has become common practice. Legal requirements and recommendations do not define or suggest any specific form of extending the existing management systems. Regulation EC 402/2013 in Article 3 point 7 [8] defines only the obligation of interaction between systems (interfaces mean all interaction points during the system or subsystem life cycle). The publication describes the relationship between the requirements in the field of management systems currently used in the railway system resulting from legal requirements (Safety Management System - SMS) and voluntary implementations (Quality Management and Environmental Management System).

 

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2. "THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ONCE-ONLY PRINCIPLE IN A MARITIME DOMAIN"
Dobiesława Dembecka, Szymon Mamrot

The once-only principle in the context of the public sector means that citizens and businesses supply data only once to a public administration. The role of public administrations is to internally share these data also across borders so that no additional burden falls on citizens and businesses. One of the most important initiatives in Europe to explore and demonstrate the once-only principle in practice is the TOOP project. TOOP is currently developing a federated IT architecture in order to demonstrate how the once only principle can be applied by the European Member States. This technical solution will be practically tested within three pilot areas. The article presents these areas with a particular focus on a maritime domain. The application of the once-only principle in maritime transport primarily concerns the need for simplification in the area of ship and crew certificates, which are currently issued and maintained in a paper format and stored by national maritime administrations. Barriers and opportunities to implement the once and only principle in Europe are described as well.

 

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3. "ASSESSING THE RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY OF LOGISTICS SYSTEMS"
Teresa Gajewska, Grzegorz Kaczor, Maciej Szkoda

The reliability of supply of logistics systems is the one of the most important factors determining the competitiveness of businesses. The main purpose of this paper is to assess the reliability of supply of a given system with the use of warranty analysis, based on the Nevada chart. The reliability analysis performed is done in the following way: shipping and warranty return data of a given supply system are converted into a classic data form. Then, the life data analysis is performed, which allows to obtain the given reliability indicators and predict the future returns of the products and services. The paper consists of some useful reliability measures, that may be used in the assessment of reliability for the supply system. Used reliability indicators may be the basis for the development of the preventive tasks to reduce the future returns. The presented approach for reliability assessment of supply system discloses its applicability. Forecasting the future returns and determining the selected reliability measures may be applied in any supply system. It is valuable for the identification of the weakest product or service and it is necessary for developing further preventive activities.

 

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4. "MODELING QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF THE SUPPLY CHAINS"
Arkadiusz Jóźwiak, Jarosław Zelkowski, Andrzej Świderski

The article presents how to use methods and tools in the area of quality engineering to assess the supply chain, having the example of the food industry. It outlines the regulatory requirements and standardization documents for the transport of dairy products. Using a questionnaire conducted it selects criteria that were directly used to assess the quality of the supply chain (network). Then, using the Pareto-Lorenz diagram the most important criteria were selected, which were also used in the study.

 

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5. "THE IMPACT OF BREXIT ON THE TRANSPORT INDUSTRY"
Martin Kerridge

By referendum on 23 June 2016, voters in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland voted narrowly to leave the EU. The vote was called for party political reasons, as the ruling Conservative party was divided on the issue of continued EU membership, and the Government expected that a national pro-EU popular vote would silence those who wanted to leave. When the result turned out to be the opposite of what the Government expected, the Prime Minister resigned, despite an earlier pledge that he would abide by and implement the result. The new Prime Minister – who had voted to remain in the EU – repeated the pledge, even though the referendum had been an advisory, not a binding, one. The subsequent period has been spent in trying to achieve an agreement that minimises the adverse socio-economic consequences, to both sides, of a UK departure from the EU, prior to the declared leaving date of 29 March 2019. This paper examines likely effects of Brexit on the transport industry. It starts by explaining the meaning of Brexit, the timetable for UK exit, and some of the possible reasons why the referendum vote turned out as it did. (There has been a surprising lack of research into this subject, and none was undertaken by the UK Government in the aftermath of the vote.) The paper then considers the possible trade and commercial alternatives that the UK has to EU membership. ‘Norway’ or ‘Canada’ (or Canada Plus) arrangements were part of the internal discussion in the UK in the period after the referendum (which had not included a question on alternatives). A UK Government insistence (‘red line’) that the UK would no longer be subject to the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice, which interprets EU law, limited the options available to the UK. The possible consequences to the UK, if it leaves the EU without a mutually acceptable withdrawal agreement, are then considered. Having set the background to this possible event, the paper then looks at how it may affect the transport industry. All modes of transport, other than inland waterway transport which has no direct connection between the UK and other EU countries, are examined. In each case new agreements will be needed to avoid serious disruption in the event of a ‘no-deal’ Brexit that removes the UK from the single market and customs union, with the UK then being regarded as a third country for trade and transport links. The final part of the paper examines the likely effect of Brexit on the economies of the UK and the remainder of the EU (and hence transport demand). It finds that Ireland may be the most affected EU country, but that the economy of the remaining EU-27 as a whole will suffer as a result of Brexit. After Ireland, the UK economy will be hit hardest, and we may never know if that is a result that the ‘leave’ voters in 2016 expected or not.

 

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6. "RISK MANAGEMENT IN INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES"
Ewa Kubińska-Jabcoń

Nowadays, in the rapidly changing world, a company’s business operations require efficiency and decisiveness. However, every form of operations is connected with certain risk, a phenomenon that is common in everyone’s everyday life, as well as in every business activity. That is why it is so important to apply appropriate management methods to calculate potential profits and losses. The article presents an overview of risk management methods for the needs of large industrial companies. The overview was based on the example of a steel mill.

 

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7. "SMART TRANSPORT SYSTEM, ITS LAYERS AND SAFETY"
Maroš Lacinák, Jozef Ristvej, Tomasz Lovecek

In this article, we present our view on the Transport System of a city as a system, consisting of four layers: aesthetic, functional, safe and smart. We define the layers and describe their relationships. Getting deeper into the system and features needed in every layer are summarized. In the following part, we will introduce some smart and safe transport solutions, applied in the city of Žilina, solutions from Finnish city of Tampere, that is one of the smartest middle-sized cities in Europe, and also few more examples from around the world. In the last part, we take a look at the futuristic plans for the transport systems, represented by autonomous driving from the safety point of view.

 

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9. "LOGISTICS IN SHAPING THE COMPTETITVE EDGE OF ENTERPRISES"
Maciej Mindur, Andrzej Jezierski

Logistics is today one of the decisive advantages in competition on the markets. Companies and entire supply chains compete more and more often. Logistics, which has ceased to be treated as a set of methods useful for solving operational problems, has gained strategic importance. This study presents the logistics area as a factor in the competitiveness of enterprises against the background of two main trends of competition research, i.e. a trend dealing with two key issues for the economy, namely the general characteristics of the market, i.e. its structure, development, functioning, the situation prevailing on it and the strategic behaviour of enterprises, and the second trend, included in theories referring to the role of the state in a market economy.

 

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10. "PREDICTIVE BUSINESS PROCESS MONITORING WITH TREE-BASED CLASSIFICATION ALGORITHMS"
Tomasz Owczarek, Piotr Janke

Predictive business process monitoring is a current research area which purpose is to predict the outcome of a whole process (or an element of a process i.e. a single event or task) based on available data. In the article we explore the possibility of use of the machine learning classification algorithms based on trees (CART, C5.0, random forest and extreme gradient boosting) in order to anticipate the result of a process. We test the application of these algorithms on real world event-log data and compare it with the known approaches. Our results show that.

 

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11. "DESIGNING OF FUNCTIONAL AREAS OF INTERMODAL TERMINALS"
Dariusz Pyza, Roland Jachimowski

This article is about the design of intermodal terminals. The classification of intermodal terminals and their role in the transport chain have been presented. Particular attention has been paid to the design of functional zones of the intermodal terminal serving both containers as well as swap bodies and semi-trailers. Technical and technological requirements for these zones have been determined. Theoretical example of calculation of selected functional zones of intermodal terminal is presented.

 

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12. "OPTIMIZATION OF COMPLEX OPERATIONS IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ADVANCED PLANNING SYSTEM"
Joanna Rut, Ewa Kulińska

Contemporary variability of the environment and market dynamics force enterprises to optimize operations in the supply chain. Advanced IT systems such as the Advanced Planning System are a powerful tool that supports many areas in supply chain management. An efficient supply chain is a key element in gaining a competitive advantage in the market. Therefore, the foundation of the material and information flow regulation in manufacturing enterprises is the efficient exchange of information with both the internal and external environment of the organization. The article presents the optimization process of complex operations taking place in the supply chain by implementing the Advanced Planning System in the examined enterprise. It also enumerates significant benefits resulting from the implementation.

 

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13. "FUTURE HUBS ON THE BACKGROUND OF THE PHYSICAL INTERNET IMPLEMENTATION"
Wiktor Żuchowski

The Physical Internet (PI) is the matter of time. There is not any other concept of future logistics so simple and so complicated at the same time. Simple, because we all do it now with data. Complicated, because goods are not as flexible as figures. The range of required transformation of hubs technology before implementing of the Physical Internet is massive. Some technologies require only modification, other inventions, not possible nowadays. But it can be assumed that from technological point of view it will be possible to improve the hubs to the required level till 2050. There is still an unsolved matter of financing and organization.

 

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14. "FORECAST FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL FREIGHT TRANSPORT MARKET IN POLAND UNTIL 2030"
Sławomir Dorosiewicz, Jerzy Waśkiewicz

This paper includes the forecasts of the volume of transport performance (in tonne-kilometres) of Polish international truck transport up to 2030.

 

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15. "SAFETY AND PRODUCTIVITY OBSERVATIONS ON A BILLION KILOMETRES OF TRAVEL BY AUSTRALIAN TRUCKS USING THE ‘PERFORMANCE BASED STANDARDS’ SCHEMES"
Kim Hassall

Since the concept of Performance Based was first proposed in Australia, in 1997, by the then National Road Transport Commission, several hundred vehicles that used these new ‘engineering standards’ were commissioned, between 1998 and 2006, under State based permit systems. In 2006 a more formalized regulatory PBS framework was put in place and since that time the population of PBS vehicles has expanded to nearly some 7000 units by early 2018. However, even though the Australian PBS ‘trial’ is now some twenty years old, there are still many major national road networks that are yet to have access granted for these vehicles, and still an endemic perception remains that ‘bigger vehicles are bad’. In 2014 and 2017 two comprehensive studies were conducted that statistically proved PBS vehicles to be significantly safer, more productive and environmentally friendlier than the conventional Australian heavy truck fleet. This paper specifically examines the safety and productivity aspects of the Australian PBS fleet over the period 2009 – 2016 which confirms the safety and operator benefits of these vehicles.

 

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16. "THE IMPACT OF ILLEGAL POPULATION MIGRATION ON THE RISK ASSESSMENT OF FREIGHT TRANSPORT CARRIED OUT BY POLISH CARRIERS"
Marta Nowakowska, Agnieszka Tubis

Launched in 2010, the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ caused an increased migration of people from both the Middle East and Africa to Europe. In the face of such a large number of refugees, the European Union announced a migration crisis. This crisis has increased the risk factor of road transport along selected European routes. The aim of this publication is to present the impact of immigrant activities on the Calais - United Kingdom route section on the assessment of the risk of cargo transportation in international distribution. The risk assessment was carried out from the point of view of enterprises providing road transport services in international distribution. The research used direct interviews conducted with the managerial staff and drivers in selected road transport companies that handle transport on the route under investigation.

 

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17. "ELECTRIC-CAR-SHARING IN URBAN LOGISTICS – THE ANALYSIS OF IMPLEMENTATION AND MAINTENANCE"
Katarzyna Turoń, Grzegorz Sierpiński

The implementation of the sustainable transport policy in cities aims at finding various solutions that support the use of ‘clean energy’ in urban logistics. One of current global sustainable transport trends involves various measures related to electromobility. An example of electromobility in urban logistics is the e-car-sharing, or a short-term electric car rental. Since electric car-sharing is rather new to the transport market, operators and cities and metropolises may face various difficulties while implementing such services. Based on still operating and discontinued e-car-sharing systems, the authors analysed strengths and weaknesses of those systems with the focus on implementation and maintenance issues. The goal of the article is to determine strengths and challenges for e-car-sharing in urban logistics. The article is designed to assist stakeholders interested in the implementation of e-car-sharing. The analysis was provided under the international research project of ‘Electric travelling platform to support the implementation of electromobility in Smart Cities based on ICT applications’ funded from the National Research and Development Centre as a part of the ERA-NET CoFund Electric Mobility Europe Programme.

 

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18. "LOGISTIC ASPECTS IN THE METHODOLOGY OF EFFICIENCY EVALUATION OF TRANSPORT SYSTEM ON THE EXAMPLE OF AIR SAR SERVICE"
Norbert Chamier-Gliszczyński, Jerzy Fiuk

The article presents the concept of building a transport system model based on the example of maritime aviation SAR service. The applied methodology of efficiency assessment lists the individual elements of the system and then, after applying the mathematical formalization, aims to describe the structure of the system. Both the transport means and the system components necessary for the transport task have been parameterized, with particular emphasis on logistic aspects that support the rescue system.

 

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