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Numer 2(38)/2018

 

Spis artykułów:

 

1. "ELECTRIFICATION, AUTONOMUS DRIVING, BLOCKCHAIN AND IN-HOME DELIVERY:GAME-CHANGERS IN TODAY’S WORLD OF TRANSPORTATION AND LOGISTICS"
Leszek Mindur

This article reviews the major agents of change that are currently trending in transportation and logistics. Electrification is one of these trends as not only passenger vehicles, but also commercial vehicles seek both economic and sustainability objectives in its adoption. Information technology is another agent of change that is enabling technologies such as autonomous driving, blockchain solutions, and in-home delivery. One surprising global trend is the rise of nationalism and the resulting slow-down in momentum in global trade barrier reductions. This geo-political turbulence and the uncertainty it brings will require future supply chains to consider greater elements of flexibility in supply chain design.

 

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2. "THE EVOLUTION OF HIGH PRODUCTIVITY VEHICLES IN AUSTRALIA AND THEIR BENEFITS"
Kim Hassall

Although the Australian road freight transport industry has seen three mass limits reviews in the mid 1970s, the mid 1980s and in the late 1990s, (Hassall, 2005), there were two very significant truck configuration changes that happened in the mid 1980s and then again in the early 2000s. The first was the trials of a variant of the Canadian B-train (the B-Double) which was introduced into Australia in the mid 1980s. This ‘Australian’ B-Double could achieve payloads some 30% to 40% higher than the conventional ‘semi trailer’ articulated combination. By 2016 some 18,900 of these vehicles were operational in Australia. The second adoption of new vehicle configurations started in 1999 through the National Road Transport Commission (NRTC), who adopted, and further developed, another Canadian concept, that of “Performance Based Standards”(PBS). This effectively allowed for new, flexible truck designs, as long as the vehicles performed against a set of 17 specific technical engineering performance criteria. This Performance Based Standards approach, since 1998, also allowed even larger configurations to B-Doubles to be used by operators. The benefits of these new configurations have already delivered billions of dollars in kilometre savings to the road freight industry and to its customers, as well as very significant safety benefits to the community.

 

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3. "CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND EDUCATION IN THE FIELD OF AVIATION TRANSPORT SAFETY"
Volodymyr Isaienko, Marcin Pawęska, Volodymyr Kharchenko, Dmytro Bugayko

The aviation safety issue has been one of the most urgent challenges since the first day of flight operations. Aircrafts, avionics, engines, and navigation, communication and surveillance aids have changed and developed, but the problem has never lost its relevance. The main purpose of ICAO is to ensure the safe and orderly development of all aspects of international civil aviation. ICAO develops Standards and Recommended Practices. They are set out in 19 Annexes to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. The new ICAO strategies are the basis for the further sustainable development of global civil aviation. The paper paid special attention to the civil aviation hazards monitoring and risks management in the context of global aviation development trends.The paper deals with challenges of international education and introduces practical experience of the National Aviation University according to the new technologies in transport and aviation education, and trends of international cooperation with the International University of Logistics and Transport in Wroclaw in this sphere.

 

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4. "MATERIAL DEFINITION TO DESIGN VEHICLE COMPONENTS, APPLICATION TO CRASHWORTHINESS"
Alexis Rusinek, Ramon Zaera

In this paper a short description is reported allowing to take into account some aspects to design structures used for automotive industries. It allows to define correctly the behaviour of a vehicle and mainly the passive structures to absorb energy during an accident or an impact. The main aspect related to the behaviour is the strain rate sensitivity coupled to the process of elastic wave propagation.

 

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5. "FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS OF AIR CARGO FREIGHT SERVICES PROVIDER"
Aleksander Sładkowski, Maria Cieśla

In the theoretical part, this article presents the basic conditions for the organization of air transport cargo divided into different types of cargo shipments. Then the analysis of the Polish market of air cargo shipments is presented, taking into account the type of companies, airlines and airports that support them. In the research part, an FMEA analysis of an entity providing air cargo transport organization services was made, presenting several isadvantages and possible remedial actions that contribute to the improvement of the quality of services.

 

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6. "LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR SOLVING CRISIS PHENOMENA IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC"
Ladislav Šimák, Stanislava Strelcová

The solution of both the military and non-military phenomena requires a massive logistic support. It is impossible to cope successfully with any loss, and to minimise the damages and losses without sufficient material and technical provision of the emergency and security units and the affected citizens as well. The history proves that the preparation for solving the crisis phenomena was neglected and the logistic support of the emergency activities was insufficient.

 

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7. "STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PROGRESSIVE DEVELOPMENT OF LOGISTICS AND TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURES OF REGIONS AND THE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF REGIONS (NUTS 2 EU)"
Ewa Stawiarska

The aim of this article is to confirm the hypothesis that „the developed logistic and transport infrastructure of the region has contributed to the improvement of the economic performance of the region”. The article presents research showing the relationship between the developed elements of logistic and transport infrastructures of regions (density of roads, density of railway networks, size of warehouse space, number of intermodal trans-shipment terminals, tonnage transported in tonnes) and economic performance of regions (regional GDP, private capital productivity). The study is based on the regions of Poland with special attention to Silesia region. The results indicate that the liberalization and computerization of the TFL sector is desirable by industry leaders of the region. The research proposals can help TFL authorities, decision-makers, and leaders to make investment decisions regarding logistics and transport infrastructure.

 

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8. "WAREHOUSE SAFETY"
Andrzej Szymonik

The article comprises of two parts, theoretical and practical. The first part presents the analysis of warehouse operations as a subject of a study. Hazards that may affect warehouse processes are discussed, and factors that determine the safety of warehouse management are characterized. In the second part, based on the results of the study carried out at 16 warehouses, selected problems concerning safety are evaluated and conclusions are presented.

 

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9. "AUTOMATED AND ROBOTIC WAREHOUSES: DEVELOPMENTS AND RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES"
René B.M. de Koster

The first automated, high-bay, warehouses were introduced some 50 years ago. Since then, developments have continued at a rapid pace. Initially, automation was mainly focused on pallet warehouses with bulk storage facilities. A major reason was to increase the storage density, which could be achieved by making the warehouses higher. Later, mini-load warehouses and order picking warehouses were also automated. In this paper we will discuss the different types of automated systems as well as a number of scientific results that are now known about such systems. We will first discuss storage systems for unit loads (bins and pallets). This will be followed by order picking systems from which individual packages can be picked. Finally, we will provide our future expectations of warehouse automation.

 

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10. "THE FUTURE OF THE EUROPEAN LOGISTICS CENTRES AS NODAL OBJECTS OF INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE"
Alina Lipińska-Słota, Maciej Mindur

The article describes the general characteristics of logistics centres. In particular, functions, types and characteristics of the model logistics centre were presented. The logistics centres associated in Europlatforms have been described, focusing on those countries where the number of centres is the largest, i.e. Germany, Spain, France and Italy. The factors determining the decision making regarding the selection of the optimal location of a logistics centre in Europe have been discussed, and also the places currently enjoying the greatest interest in the logistics industry have been shown. The development perspectives of Polish logistic facilities are presented and factors influencing the investment attractiveness of Poland are described.

 

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11. "LOGISTICS ENGINEERING IN LOGISTIC PROCESSES DESIGNING "
Edward Michlowicz, Leszek Mindur

In the systemic approach, each enterprise, (production, transport, commercial) is a complex system of objects and relations between these objects, as well as between the system and its surrounding. As a result of the multitude of variables and indicators of the company’s performance assessment, the methods of formalizing the existing relationships are still being sought for. Logistics engineering is the field of knowledge which, through the integration of many processes, enables finding practical solutions. It is a rarely used term in Poland, meanwhile, for example in the USA, logistics engineering, using mathematical methods, learning achievements is a commonly used tool, supporting business operations. The article presents primary tasks and possibilities of logistics engineering.

 

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