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1. "CAR-SHARING DEVELOPMENT – CURRENT STATE AND PERSPECTIVE"
Leszek Mindur, Grzegorz Sierpiński, Katarzyna Turoń

The article presents the development of urban car-sharing systems. In recent years we have observed substantial increase in the number of such systems implemented all over the world. The number of users has also been rapidly growing which translates into the impact car-sharing services have on transportation behaviour. Additionally, the process contributes to changes of the modal split. The analysis presented covers systems in operation in Europe, Asia and North America. The article is divided into two parts. The first one presents historical development of car-sharing systems, whereas the second, prospects for their development in 2020-2025.

 

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2. "NEGATION OF LOGISTICS RULES IN MANAGING THE OPERATION OF MOTORWAYS IN POLAND"
Krzysztof Czyrka, Józef Frąś, Olga Borowiecka, Marcin Frąś

Costs for tolling a motorway in Poland should take into account not only profits of owners and managers, but also difficulties and losses incurred by road users. Lack of smoothness of travel as well as high tolls do not have a positive impact on the country's economic development. The nervousness and stress of drivers and passengers trapped in cars standing in traffic jams in front of the gates on motorways - they indicate an important social problem. The costs of fuel burnt during forced stops, costs of harmful effects on the environment, pollution from car exhaust emissions while waiting on the highway in front of the gates – they all are a significant burden. Failure to ensure the conditions for a smooth ride causing the need to wait on the highway in front of the gates is an example of disregarding people, wastage and deliberate harm to the environment for disproportionate profits charges for using the highways.

 

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3. "MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION AND RANKING OF SUPPLIERS - CASE STUDY ANALYSIS"
Barbara Galińska, Riccardo Rossi

The article presents a coherent methodology of a multiple criteria evaluation of suppliers in furniture industry covering: the definition of a set of variants - laminated chipboards suppliers, the definition of a consistent family of criteria that allows for their comprehensive evaluation, modelling of decision maker’s (DM’s) preferences (including: the definition of the importance of criteria and the DM’s sensitivity towards changes of criteria values), and finally computational experiments resulting in the final ranking of suppliers. Six suppliers have been taken into consideration. In the family of criteria evaluating the suppliers, 9 measures have been taken into account. These have included, among others: product price, product quality, timeliness and reliability of delivery or cost of delivery. In the computational phase a selected MCDM/A ranking method which is Electre III/IV has been applied.

 

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4. "THE APPLICATION OF SINGLE MINUTE EXCHANGE OF DIE IN THE PRODUCTION PROCESS IMPROVEMENT"
Monika Konieczna, Beata Mrugalska, Magdalena K. Wyrwicka

This paper concerns Single Minute Exchange of Die (SMED) which is one of lean tools applied for reduction of change over time on machines. It is a review paper on the basis of the literature collected from three electronic databases: Elsevier Science, Springer and E-resources from the library of Poznan University of Technology. The retrieved articles were screened following the inclusion/exclusion criteria. After applying the literature selection criteria 40 articles published between the years 2000-2017 were chosen. These papers were classified on the basis of the year of publication, the journal title, the main issue, tools and methods, type and also location. Their analysis revealed that SMED was applied in various range of enterprises in order to reduce time of setups and eliminate unnecessary activities which have no value for the process. It was also a useful tool for production process improvement as it may support lean tools in order to increase the process efficiency. The vast majority of papers was published in European countries. However, the increasing number of publications in recent years may suggest the increase of interest in this subject in different areas.

 

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5. "KEY MANAGERIAL COMPETENCIES FOR INDUSTRY 4.0 - PRACTITIONERS’, RESEARCHERS' AND STUDENTS' OPINIONS"
Anna Łupicka, Katarzyna Grzybowska

This paper attempts to answer the following question: what competencies seem essential for future managers of Industry 4.0? The pharmaceutical and automotive sectors were selected for the purpose of the study. Both sectors are oriented toward the ongoing improvement of competencies. In the article a comparative analysis of the expectations of practitioners and visions of scientists, theoreticians and students was carried out.

 

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6. "MODIFICATION OF THE CELLULAR STRUCTURE WITH INCREASED PRODUCTION IN THE MAKE-TO-ORDER SYSTEM"
Edward Michlowicz, Katarzyna Smolińska

The customer market is becoming more and more demanding. Customers want to have influence on the final shape, form, functionality and characteristics of the product. As a result, entrepreneurs are forced to abandon the Make-to-Stock system in favour of the MTO (Make-to-Order) concept, with the purpose of not only meeting the customers’ needs, but also, for example, reducing the costs by manufacturing exactly the number of products which is currently demanded on the market. The article describes an example of a production task performed in the cellular structure. The customer required a substantial and abrupt increase (by 65%) of the production task. In order to tackle the problem, logistics engineering and lean manufacturing methods were applied. Having regard to the Industry 4.0 perspective, a concept of automated work cells was presented in order to minimise the role of the operator.

 

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7. "THE DIVERSITY OF LOGISTICS CENTRE CONCEPTS IN EUROPE"
Maciej Mindur, Katarzyna Turoń, Grzegorz Sierpiński

The article discusses logistic centres in Europe, legal changes and directions for their development in the European Union that has led to an increased cross-border flow of goods and the need to continue the process. The article identifies major features of logistics centres and presents the comparison of various types of conceptual objectives for logistics centres in Europe. The analysis has been used to develop a list of features collated with the variety of concepts and current market requirements in relation to such issues as sustainable development and corporate social responsibility.

 

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8. "TRUST IN DIGITAL SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT"
Katarzyna Nowicka

Companies managing supply chains are increasingly facing a decision to migrate or start operating in the digital world. Gaining competitive advantage by means of supply chain management means sharing the information which is perceived as the evidence of trust between partners. Digital Supply Chains are based on technologies that enable increasing competitiveness mainly by delivering information in real time simultaneously to many supply chain partners. However the type and range of the information shared indicates the level of trust. Research results show that partners in supply chain were sharing information about inventory and transport activities. These are the main areas of competing by logistics and supply chain management. The aspect of partnership and cooperation was also raised in the research. Cloud computing had been willingly used in Supplier Relationship Management, Customer Relationship Management and Customer Service Management processes by the respondents.

 

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9. "SHAPING FLEXIBILITY IN COMPLEX MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS"
Bożena Zwolińska, Aleksandra Zaręba

Product customization and dynamically changing customer requirements cause multiple versions of the same product to be created with minute modifications, e.g.: different colour, material used, accessories, etc. Adapting to changing tendencies determines the manufacturer`s competitiveness. This article presents the analysis of the flexibility of a complex convergent production structure. The analysis has been conducted using the EPE (Every Part Every…) indicator. To maintain the accuracy of the system`s evaluation, the flexibility determining algorithm has been adjusted to the analyzed cell structure. A flexibility indicator EPE shows the lowest possible frequency at which the rotating production of a batch is repeated. In practice, it informs us after what time we may manufacture the same lot of goods again, taking into account the time necessary for delivering accepted orders. The conclusions from the conducted analyses helped to develop strategic development plans which assumed increasing the volume of the manufactured assortment both in number and variety.

 

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10. "SYNERGIES IN THE INTERACTION OF THE TRANSPORT-LOGISTICS SERVICES MARKET"
Oksana Freidman

The article presents new approaches to the integration of companies in the transport and logistics services market. The methods of integrating companies in Russia are very relevant today, as they allow uniting the efforts of organizations in this market. Integration of companies into unincorporated associations will allow not only reducing transaction costs, but also costs for the development of transport and logistics infrastructure.

 

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11. "GLOBALIZATION AND DEGLOBALIZATION – COSTS AND BENEFITS, WINNERS AND LOSERS "
Stanisław Flejterski

Still at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21thcentury it was a common belief that the world had just entered a new civilisational paradigm, completely different from all the previous ones in the history of the mankind. The new paradigm was called ‘globalization’ and although it had never been precisely defined, the term stirred up a very animated dispute: there were fervent enthusiasts and fervent opponents of everything that was as inexactly defined as globalization. Both enthusiasts and opponents agreed what phenomena made globalization up, but the assessment of those phenomena was diametrically different; according to the enthusiasts globalization reduced famine in the world, stimulated development and growth, decreased unemployment, improved the quality of natural environment, created new global democracy and was the only reasonable option for the mankind; and according to the opponents globalization increased famine in the world, made development and growth stop or even diminish, aggravated unemployment, lowered the quality of natural environment, destroyed human solidarity, stimulated corruption and was a path to hell. The impact of globalization and deglobalization on different areas of economy and society is a topic of several discussions and publications.

 

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12. "COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE 2007 AND 2014 POLISH NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIES "
Tomasz Szulc

The aim of the paper is the comparison of 2007 and 2014 National Security Strategies focusing on the role of Armed Forces in the system of National Security. Moreover, the author tries to verify the need for changes in relation to the current international situation in Central and Eastern Europe. The parts of this analysis are related to the given chapters of the strategies. The article indicates the reasons and presents conclusions resulting from the changes incorporating in the current document. Moreover, the author analyses the legitimacy of adjustments in the context of current threats to the security of Poland and Europe.

 

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